These findings support earlier observations about GBA-related PD... there does seem to be a tendency for increased neuro-psychiatric features, cognitive impairment and perhaps a more severe motor phenotype...
J Neurol Sci. 2016 Nov 15;370:63-69. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2016.08.059. Epub 2016 Aug 30.
Swan M, Doan N, Ortega RA, Barrett M, Nichols W, Ozelius L, Soto-Valencia J, Boschung S, Deik A, Sarva H, Cabassa J, Johannes B, Raymond D, Marder K, Giladi N, Miravite J, Severt W, Sachdev R, Shanker V, Bressman S, Saunders-Pullman R.
Mutations in GBA1 are a well-established risk factor for Parkinson disease (PD). GBA-associated PD (GBA-PD) may have a higher burden of nonmotor symptoms than idiopathic PD (IPD). We sought to characterize the relationship between GBA-PD and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Subjects were screened for common GBA1 mutations. GBA-PD (n=31) and non-carrier (IPD; n=55) scores were compared on the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the State-Trait Anxiety Index (STAI). In univariate comparisons, GBA-PD had a greater prevalence of depression (33.3%) versus IPD (13.2%) (p<0.05). In regression models controlling for age, sex, disease duration, motor disability, and MoCA score, GBA-PD had an increased odds of depression (OR 3.66, 95% CI 1.13-11.8) (p=0.03). Post-hoc analysis stratified by sex showed that, among men, GBA-PD had a higher burden of trait anxiety and depression than IPD; this finding was sustained in multivariate models. Among women, GBA-PD did not confer greater psychiatric morbidity than IPD. These results suggest that GBA1 mutations confer greater risk of neuropsychiatric morbidity in PD, and that sex may affect this association.