Good to see some data on this finally... there's been a lot of media on the subject in the last few years. Feels like a step in the right direction and interested in the remote UPDRS assessments too...
Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2015 Mar 7. pii: S1353-8020(15)00081-4. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2015.02.026. [Epub ahead of print]
Arora S, Venkataraman V, Hang A, Donohue S, Biglan KM, Dorsey ER, Little MA.
Remote, non-invasive and objective tests that can be used to support expert diagnosis for Parkinson's disease (PD) are lacking.
Participants underwent baseline in-clinic assessments, including the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), and were provided smartphones with an Android operating system that contained a smartphone application that assessed voice, posture, gait, finger tapping, and response time. Participants then took the smart phones home to perform the five tasks four times a day for a month. Once a week participants had a remote (telemedicine) visit with a Parkinson disease specialist in which a modified (excluding assessments of rigidity and balance) UPDRS performed. Using statistical analyses of the five tasks recorded using the smartphone from 10 individuals with PD and 10 controls, we sought to: (1) discriminate whether the participant had PD and (2) predict the modified motor portion of the UPDRS.
Twenty participants performed an average of 2.7 tests per day (68.9% adherence) for the study duration (average of 34.4 days) in a home and community setting. The analyses of the five tasks differed between those with Parkinson disease and those without. In discriminating participants with PD from controls, the mean sensitivity was 96.2% (SD 2%) and mean specificity was 96.9% (SD 1.9%). The mean error in predicting the modified motor component of the UPDRS (range 11-34) was 1.26 UPDRS points (SD 0.16).
Measuring PD symptoms via a smartphone is feasible and has potential value as a diagnostic support tool.